Neurons (also called neurones or nerve cells) are. › brain › brain-anatomy › what-neuron. A neuron or nerve cell is an electrically excitable cell that communicates with other cells via specialized connections called synapses. Neurons are the cells that make up the brain and the nervous system. They are the fundamental units that send and receive signals which. Neurons are cells within the nervous system that transmit information to other nerve cells, muscle, or gland cells. Most neurons have a cell. Neurons, also known as nerve cells, send and receive signals from your brain. While neurons have a lot in common with other types of cells. Neurons are information messengers. They use electrical impulses and chemical signals to transmit information between different areas of the. Neurons are the basic functional units of the nervous system, and they generate electrical signals called action potentials, which allow them to quickly. A neuron is a nerve cell that is the basic building block of the nervous system. Neurons are similar to other cells in the human body in a. Neurons, sometimes called nerve cells, make up around 10 percent of the brain; the rest consists of glial cells and astrocytes that support and nourish neurons.