Even though the Apollo missions provided a lot of data about the moon, there is still so much more to learn. Over 2, moon rocks brought back by Apollo astronauts helped scientists determine the moon's age, composition, and how it formed. Laser. James and his team surmise it could be metal embedded in the moon's mantle from the asteroid impact that caused the crater some estimated 4. A transient lunar phenomenon (TLP) or lunar transient phenomenon (LTP) is a short-lived Lunar observation · Unsolved problems in astronomy · Unexplained. NASA's Unexplained Files (). Documentary. Newly discovered documents reveal NASA's secret plan B for failure of the first moon landing. A huge, mysterious "mass of material" has been spotted underneath the Moon. The vast chunk is sitting underneath the biggest crater in the. When and how Nasa will reveal its 'exciting' news about the Moon Lunar lander found lying on Moon's surface after unexplained failure. the South Pole-Aitken basin on the moon. This image, created with data from NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, shows the pockmarked. The Moon is home to one of the largest known impact craters in the Solar System. At 2, kilometres (1, miles) across, the South. What created the Moon? And what are moonquakes? 10 strange facts you didn't know about the Moon.